Part 2: Two Opposing Views

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Activity 2C: Developing a Cold War Game

Articles about Chile
The following articles discuss the U.S. and Soviet interventions in Chile, actions that led to the military overthrow of President Salvador Allende in 1973.

“U.S. Department of State Church Report: Covert Action in Chile 1963–1973”

This is a full report prepared by the U.S. State Department that documents U.S. covert actions in Chile from 1964 to 1974. It also includes action taken by multinational U.S.-based companies such as ITT. Particularly useful sections include: Covert Action in Chile: Techniques, and C. Covert Action and Multinational Corporations.

Derechos Chile: Landmark Events

This site provides a brief history of the military coup in Chile in 1973 against the government of Salvador Allende.

Times Online: “How ‘weak’ Allende was left out in the cold by the KGB”

This article is an excerpt from a book written by ex-KGB officer Vasili Mitrokhin and historian Christopher Andrew.

Articles on the Congo
The following articles discuss the U.S. and Soviet intervention in the Congo.

BBC World Service: The Story of Africa

This site provides a brief overview of Congo’s independence. It contains the audio of an Independence Day speech given by Patrice Lumumba, the first democratically elected leader of the Congo.

Africa Within: New Data on Murder of Lumumba

This site includes an article in the Washington Post about declassified documents on the U.S. involvement in the death of Patrice Lumumba. It also includes the findings of a Belgian Parliamentary Committee of 1999 on the involvement of the Belgian government in the assassination of Patrice Lumumba.

Articles about Afghanistan
The following articles discuss the U.S. and Soviet intervention in Afghanistan.


Centre for Research on Globalization: “The C.I.A.’s Intervention in Afghanistan”

According to this brief 1998 interview with Zbigniew Brzezinski, the national security adviser to President Carter, the C.I.A.’s intervention in Afghanistan preceded the 1979 Soviet invasion.

“Afghanistan War.” The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2008.

This encyclopedia entry provides a one-page overview of the Afghanistan War (1978–92).